US-Brazil Regulatory Cooperation in the Digital Economy

 standards, metrology, conformity assessment, intellectual property rights, and customs issues, as a result of the development of partnerships beyond the Brazilian Ministry of the Economy (ME) and the U.S. Department of Commerce (DOC) over the past fourteen years. In the future, the Dialogue will maintain its emphasis on cross-cutting issues that are advantageous to numerous industries, while also encouraging industry-specific collaboration in cases where a mutual interest is identified. Highlights of this year include Brazil's advancements in the reestablishment of its National Trade Facilitation Committee under the Foreign Trade Chamber (CAMEX), the renovation of the Brazilian trade information portal (siscomex.gov.br), and the implementation of its new single window for imports. Brazil has disclosed that it has integrated its system into the global EPhyto HUB solution of the International Plant Protection Convention. The country is currently developing automated solutions that are integrated with the national single window to completely implement e-phyto certificates in bilateral trade.Over the past year, Brazil has implemented numerous measures to enhance the uniformity of GRP implementation across all regulatory agencies.

18TH EDITION OF THE U.S.-BRAZIL COMMERCIAL DIALOGUE COMMUNITY STATEMENT


The following Joint Statement, issued by Joseph Semsar, U.S. Deputy Under Secretary for International Trade, and Brazilian Secretary of Foreign Trade Lucas Pedreira do Couto Ferraz, outlines the overall results of the May 14, 2020, virtual meeting of the U.S.-Brazil Commercial Dialogue. Semsar is performing the non-exclusive functions and duties of the Under Secretary for International Trade. We are delighted to disclose the outcomes of the 18th Plenary of the U.S.-Brazil Commercial Dialogue, which took place on May 14, 2020. We are dedicated to continuing our collaborative efforts to enhance the commercial relationship by preventing, reducing, and eradicating any obstacles that may impede the expansion of bilateral trade and investment.

The Dialogue remains a means of achieving the trade and investment priorities of the United States and Brazil. In order to achieve these objectives, the Dialogue endeavors to be responsive to the requirements of U.S. and Brazilian industries. The objectives of Presidents Trump and Bolsonaro, which were reaffirmed during President Bolsonaro's visit to the United States in March 2020, are to intensify negotiations for a bilateral trade package and to fortify the economic partnership between the two nations. We are committed to continuing to work towards their execution. We are pleased to inform you that plans have been developed to address the recommendations of the U.S.-Brazil CEO Forum, as outlined in their November 2019 Joint Communique. These recommendations included proposals to enhance bilateral trade, collaborate in the technology sector, facilitate Brazil's membership in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), and implement a number of measures to facilitate discussions toward the long-term objective of a trade agreement.

Strategic Priorities: The Dialogue has expanded its agenda to include discussions on regulatory processes


standards, metrology, conformity assessment, intellectual property rights, and customs issues, as a result of the development of partnerships beyond the Brazilian Ministry of the Economy (ME) and the U.S. Department of Commerce (DOC) over the past fourteen years. In the future, the Dialogue will maintain its emphasis on cross-cutting issues that are advantageous to numerous industries, while also encouraging industry-specific collaboration in cases where a mutual interest is identified. Highlights of this year include Brazil's advancements in the reestablishment of its National Trade Facilitation Committee under the Foreign Trade Chamber (CAMEX), the renovation of the Brazilian trade information portal (siscomex.gov.br), and the implementation of its new single window for imports. Brazil has disclosed that it has integrated its system into the global EPhyto HUB solution of the International Plant Protection Convention. The country is currently developing automated solutions that are integrated with the national single window to completely implement e-phyto certificates in bilateral trade.Over the past year, Brazil has implemented numerous measures to enhance the uniformity of GRP implementation across all regulatory agencies.

These stages involve the approval of the Regulatory Agencies Law and the Economic Freedoms Law, which convert specific GRPs into legal obligations, including the utilization of a regulatory impact analysis and public consultation. In addition, Decree 10.139/2019 establishes regulatory stock-taking, review, and consolidation requirements. The two nations anticipate the continuation of their consistent exchange of best practices and experiences in this field. Improved comprehension of Brazilian and U.S. technical regulations, standards, and conformance assessment procedures: a means to facilitate trade The first phase of a two-phase Conformity Assessment Workshop was successfully conducted by Brazil and the United States from May 5-8, 2020. In order to enhance mutual comprehension of the regulatory systems, standards, and conformance assessment of each nation, regulatory agencies from both nations exchanged information regarding their respective conformity assessment procedures. Participants exchanged information regarding the approval of conformity assessment results in each other's markets and potential trade barriers that may arise from discrepancies between the two systems.

Private sector participation is anticipated for a subsequent workshop in Brazil in September 2020, which will incorporate the outcomes of the initial workshop. The working group participants plan to incorporate the findings of both segments into an Action Plan for 2020/2021, which will include specific areas and sectors of interest for further bilateral discussions.This will also enhance the MOC of the U.S. Department of Transportation and Brazil's Ministry of Infrastructure by means of collaborative initiatives, including the recent regulatory exchange between the National Traffic Department (DENATRAN) and the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA). expanding access to measurement standards and methodologies that are essential for the preservation of comprehension of current and emerging technologies, including Artificial Intelligence and numerous others. In the United States, the National Institute of Standards & Technology (NIST) and the Brazilian National Institute of Metrology, Quality, and Technology (INMETRO) are counterpart agencies that are responsible for measurement science and standards, respectively.

The international cooperation in measurements and standardization is of paramount importance


as both delegations have recognized. They have identified five potential areas for cooperation: bioscience and health; cybersecurity and privacy; quantum electrical standards; the Internet of Things (IoT); and emerging technologies such as Artificial Intelligence (AI). In support of our trade relationship, NIST and INMETRO will persist in their collaboration to address the requirements of measurement science, standards and conformity assessment, accreditation, and inquiry points. The prospective collaboration opportunities between NIST and INMETRO include the sharing of NIST experience with the recently released privacy framework, best practices in smart cities, AI, IoT interoperability, and cybersecurity, as well as personnel exchanges and career development sponsorships. NIST and INMETRO are dedicated to the renewal of the NIST-INMETRO Memorandum of Understanding by November 2020.

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